Demographic Profile 2017-12-01T07:57:08+00:00

Historical Growth of Population

Historical growth rate of the city starting in 1970 showed a swing of highs and lows starting with a high 3.9 percent then decreasing but still at high level of 2.05 percent in 1975 decreasing further to 1.75 percent in 1980 then decreased sharply to 1.07 percent in 1985 then sharply increased to 1.57 percent in 1990, went back to a high 2.18 percent in 1995 then decreased to 1.01 percent in 2000 and maintained at 1.01 percent in 2007 then an increased in 2010 with 2.255 percent and slight increased of 2.2215 in 2013.

The average growth rate of the Province of Misamis Occidental during the period 1990 to 1995 was 1.27 percent and an increased rate of 1.43 percent during the period 1995 to 2000. The city registered high average growth rates at 1.73 percent in the earlier period and also an increased rate at 2.04 percent.
Population Distribution by City/Municipality

Ozamiz City’s 2013 population of 140,489 placed the city as the most populous among the three (3) cities and fourteen (14) towns comprising the Province of Misamis Occidental, sharing 23.57 percent of the total provincial population of 595,643 . The other two (2) cities, Oroquieta, which is the provincial capital shared only 12.12 percent while the other city of Tangub shared only 10.53 percent of the total provincial population.

This has always been the trend since Ozamis City became a chartered city in 1948 and the major contributory factor to this is the fact that Ozamis is the gateway from the East giving it the geographical advantage over the other two (2) cities of the province.

Population Composition

A big chunk of the population numbering 86,542 or 61.60 percent belonged to the working age-group although a lower number of these totaling 76,279 or 54.29 percent comprised the labor force. Of the dependent population of 53,947 or 38.4 percent, a great number of 48,276 or 89.48 percent were young while the remaining 10.52 were old. Another big portion of 59,176 or 42.12 percent belonged to the school-going population. This 2013 population revealed a sex ratio of 99 which indicates a predominance of the female population. (Table I-3) The city’s population therefore is comparatively/relatively young and active.

Five years hence, the working age-group will be 96,591 for 2018 and 107,808 in 2023 while the labor force population will be 90,681 and 101,211 in 2018 and 2023, respectively. Then, the dependent young will reached to 60,139 populations while the old age-group will also be 7,065 in 2023.

Population Distribution by Barangay

During the year 2013, there were 140,489 total number of population. with the urban household sharing population equivalent to seventy eight (78) percent and the rural household population sharing twenty-two (22) percent, just like the distribution sharing of urban and rural barangay population. The average household size was 4.5.

Among the urban barangays, Tinago had the most number of household population followed by Maningcol, Bañadero, Aguada, Catadman-Manabay and Carmen Annex. These most populated barangays are within the Urban Core, especially Aguada which is the center and surrounded by the barangays of Maningcol, Bañadero, Catadman-Manabay, and Carmen-Annex. (Table I-5)
These barangays are also located along the national highway where schools, hospitals, and other institutional and commercial establishments like government and private offices, banks, restaurants, and the like are situated.

The least populated urban barangays were the 50th District which is the Central Business District hence heavily commercial rather than residential and the barangays of Baybay Sta. Cruz and Bongbong which are interior portions of the city and where infrastructure is not well-defined.

Household Population by Urban and Rural Barangay

Of the 51 barangays of the city 23 or 45 percent are urban and 28 or 55 percent are rural. In the 1995 urban-rural household distribution population sixteen barangays (16) or fifty-one percent (31%) were urban and thirty-five (35) barangays or sixty-nine percent (69%) were rural, thus an observed continuing trend of urbanization in two decades.

During the year 2013, there were 31,220 total number of household population with the urban household sharing population equivalent to seventy eight (78) percent and the rural household population sharing twenty-two (22) percent, just like the distribution sharing of urban and rural barangay population. The average household size was 4.5.

Among the urban barangays, Tinago had the most number of household population followed by Maningcol, Bañadero, Aguada, Catadman-Manabay and Carmen Annex. These most populated barangays are within the Urban Core, especially Aguada which is the center and surrounded by the barangays of Maningcol, Bañadero, Catadman-Manabay, and Carmen-Annex.

These barangays are also located along the national highway where schools, hospitals, and other institutional and commercial establishments like government and private offices, banks, restaurants, and the like are situated.

The least populated urban barangays were the 50th District which is the Central Business District hence heavily commercial rather than residential and the barangays of Baybay Sta. Cruz and Bongbong which are interior portions of the city and where infrastructure is not well-defined.

Among the rural barangays, on the other hand, Tabid has the most number of household population followed by Dimaluna, Stimson Abordo, Sinuza and Labinay. These barangays except Stimson Abordo are located along the national highway in proximity to urban barangays.

Urbanization Level

For the past fifty three (53) years, the city’s tempo of urbanization has been characterized by significant leaps during the later periods. During the ten-year period from 1960 to 1970, the level of urbanization which started at 24.32 percent in 1960 increased to 28.65 percent in 1970, then in the following five-year period from 1970 to 1975 urbanization level decreased at 24.28 percent slightly lower than in the 1960’s which tempo was sustained until 1987 or for about twelve (12) years, after which the urbanization level significantly increased.

In 1987, the urbanization level of the city was 24.59 percent then after a three-year period this increased has reached to 67.17 percent in 1990 which was more than double the previous rate within a span of three years. This increase however was down by one percent in 1995 but still the urbanization level was high at 66.11 percent and this level continued to increase to a high 76.35 percent in 2000 and a sustained increase of 77.83 percent in 2007, 2010 and 2013 respectively.

Population Density

Gross urban population density of the city in 2013 was 27.4 while gross rural population density was only 2.43. On the other hand, gross urban built-up density was 45.79 while gross rural built-up density was 22.96. The city’s population density is 8.27. Thus the city had 8+ persons per hectare taken in it’s entirely, the urban areas had 27+ persons per hectare, while the rural areas had 2+ persons per hectare.

Among the urban barangays, Baybay San Roque had the highest population density at 706.87 followed by Baybay Sta. Cruz which had a population density of 341, Tinago at 253, Carmen Annex with 217 and Catadman-Manabay at 217 and Baybay Triunfo at 161. These barangays are situated in the urban core and the coastal areas where the “gusu farming” developed into good livelihood opportunities for the residents. These urban barangays with high population densities are areas which are totally urban and built-up and where agricultural lands no longer exist. These barangays also form as the nucleus of the urban district where urban amenities surround and abound.

In the rural barangays, Tabid which is located along the southern portion of the city along the highway had a population density of 5.8 followed by another highway rural barangay of Sinuza with 4.5, Dimaluna with 4.36, Diguan with 4.19 and Capucao C where Agrarian Reform Communities are situated with density at 2.39. The barangays of Tabid, Dimaluna and Diguan are urban expansion areas while Stimson Abordo serves as a nodal point towards the western portion of the city and where high value vegetables are grown and cultivated due to its favorable climate.

Labor Force and Employment

Available data for Labor Force and employment in 2013 showed that from a total household population 15 years old and over numbering 86,542. Those in the labor force or the economically active population (15 years to 64 years old) totaled 83,865 or 93.48 percent.

The total household population 15 years old and over composed of 50.49 percent female and 49.51 percent male while those in the labor force composed of 50.86 percent female slight outnumbering the male at 49.14 percent. (Table I-3) The labor force participation rate recorded at 60% showed an economically active population of more than half of the entire population, an employment rate of 49 percent and an unemployment rate at 7.0 percent.

Population Projection

With a recorded low growth rate in 2010, Ozamiz City is projected to experience little increases in population during the next five years. Starting with a population of 131,527 in 2010, its population would be 134,449 in 2011; 137,436 in 2012; 140,489 in 2013; 143,610 in 2014; and 146,800 in 2015. Population is projected to rise moderately to 163,847 in 2020; and 175,011 in 2023.

The most populated urban barangays which are located in the fringes of the 50th District considered as the Central Business District are projected to continue experiencing increases in population. Barangay Tinago, the most populated barangay with a population of 10,244 in 2010 would have a projected population of 11,434 in 2015; and 13,631 in 2023. The other most populated barangays in 2010 such as Maningcol, Bañadero, Aguada, Catadman-Manabay and Carmen Annex are projected to continue to experience increasing population during the planning period or even until 2023.

The least populated urban barangays were: the 50th District which is the urban core hence heavily commercial rather than residential, Baybay Sta. Cruz and Bongbong which are interior portions of the city and where infrastructure is not well-define.